Articles (please cite published versions)

Against (Modified) Buffer CasesPhilosophical Studies (forthcoming). I defend the principle of alternative possibilities (PAP) against what are sometimes known as buffer cases, which are supposed by some to be counterexamples to the principle. I develop an existing problem with the claim that standard buffer cases are counterexamples to PAP, before responding to a recent attempt by Michael McKenna to modify the cases in a way that circumvents this problem. While McKenna’s strategy does avoid the problem, I argue that it faces a different difficulty. I conclude that (modified) buffer cases pose no threat to PAP. [journal link] [penultimate draft]


Hard Theological Determinism and Divine Forgiveness are Incompatible, in New Essays on Theological Determinism, eds. Leigh Vicens and Peter Furlong, Cambridge University Press (forthcoming). I argue that God couldn't be in a position to forgive sin if hard theological determinism is true.


Does the Direct Argument Beg The QuestionAmerican Philosophical Quarterly (forthcoming). The direct argument is among the most prominent arguments for the incompatibility of determinism and moral responsibility. Some critics of the argument have accused it, or certain defenses of its central premise, of begging the question. In this article, I respond to that accusation.


Manipulation and Direct Arguments, in A Companion to Free Will, ed. J. Campbell, Wiley-Blackwell (forthcoming). I provide an overview of the recent literature on manipulation and direct arguments for incompatibilism. 


Strict Moral LiabilitySocial Philosophy and Policy 36, no. 1 (2019): 52-71. I consider a puzzle about strict moral liability (the idea that you can have moral duties to make restitution for harms for which you aren't morally to blame) and critically evaluate several possible solutions to it before offering one of my own. [journal link] [penultimate draft]


What the Consequence Argument is an Argument For Thought 8, no. 1 (2019): 50-56. I argue that even if the consequence argument for the incompatibility of free will and determinism is unsuccessful (as some recent objections to the argument seem to show), it still supports the claim that free will is incompatible with the thesis that everything we do is causally necessitated by factors beyond our control, which, I contend, is the more central incompatibilist thesis. [journal link] [penultimate draft]


Rule A (with P. Roger Turner) Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 99, no. 4 (2018): 580-595. Roger Turner and I argue that Rule A (which, stated informally, is the idea that no one can be morally responsible for necessary truths) is more important to recent theories of moral responsibility than people realize, and we defend it against some recent objections. [journal link] [penultimate draft]


Death, Betrayal, and a Guardian AngelPhilosophical Papers 46, no. 2 (2017): 191-210. I raise an objection to Epicurus's "experience argument" for the conclusion that death isn't bad for the one who dies. [journal link] [penultimate draft]


Freedom with Causation, Erkenntnis 82, no. 2 (2017): 327-338. I argue that free will is compatible with our actions being caused by prior states and events. [journal link] [penultimate draft]


Frankfurt Cases: The Fine-grained Response Revisited (with Philip Swenson), Philosophical Studies 174, no. 4 (2017): 967-981. Philip Swenson and I defend a variation of the flicker of freedom response to Frankfurt-cases. Reflection on omissions plays a central role in our defense of the view. [journal link] [penultimate draft]


Incompatibilism and the Transfer of Non-responsibility, Philosophical Studies 173, no. 6 (2016): 1477-1495. I develop some existing objections to the direct argument for the incompatibility of determinism and moral responsibility before developing a new version of the argument that's immune to those objections. [journal link] [penultimate draft]


Blameworthiness and Buffered Alternatives, American Philosophical Quarterly 53, no. 3 (2016): 270-280. I offer a new response to buffer cases, which many believe to be among the most promising variants of Harry Frankfurt's influential attempt to show that a person can be morally responsible for what he did even if he didn't have any relevant alternative possibilities for action. [journal link] [penultimate draft]


The Flicker of Freedom: A Reply to StumpJournal of Ethics18, no. 4 (2014): 427-435. I respond to Eleonore Stump's objection to the flicker of freedom response to Frankfurt-cases. [journal link] [penultimate draft]


Gut-wrenching Choices and BlameworthinessJournal of Value Inquiry 48, no 4 (2014): 577-585. This paper was for a special issue on moral responsibility, edited by Andrew Khoury. In it, I consider the implications of situations in which doing the right thing requires extraordinary sacrifice for a theory of blameworthiness. [journal link] [penultimate draft]


Incompatibilist (Non-deterministic) Theories of Free Will (with Randolph Clarke), Stanford

Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2013; updated 2017). Randolph Clarke and I survey incompatibilist theories of free will. [SEP link]


Mitigating Soft CompatibilismPhilosophy and Phenomenological Research 87, no. 3 (2013): 640-663. I articulate a new version of compatibilism about free will and determinism that, I claim, has some advantages over existing versions of the view. [journal link] [penultimate draft]


Blameworthiness without WrongdoingPacific Philosophical Quarterly 93, no. 3 (2012): 417-437. I argue that a person can be morally blameworthy for doing something that wasn't morally wrong. [journal link] [penultimate draft]


Action, Responsibility, and the Ability to Do OtherwisePhilosophical Studies 158, no. 1 (2012): 1-15. I argue that unavoidable actions aren't impossible, in which case two recent defenses of the principle of alternative possibilities are unsuccessful. [pdf] [journal link] [penultimate draft]


The W-defensePhilosophical Studies150, no. 1 (2010): 61-77. I criticize several responses to David Widerker's "W-defense" of the principle of alternative possibilities before offering one of my own. [journal link] [penultimate draftDavid Palmer has published a nice response here.


Can Downward Causation Save Free Will? Philosophia 38, no. 1 (2010): 131-142. No, it can't. [journal link

Reviews (please cite published versions)

Aspects of Agency: Decisions, Abilities, Explanations, and Free Will by Alfred Mele (Oxford University Press, 2017), Journal of Moral Philosophy (forthcoming).

Free Will & Theism: Connections, Contingencies, and Concerns edited by Kevin Time and Dan Speak (Oxford University Press, 2016), International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 84, no. 1 (2018): 153-157. [journal link] [penultimate draft]


Building Better Beings: A Theory of Moral Responsibility by Manuel Vargas (Oxford University Press, 2013), Journal of Moral Philosophy 13, no. 2 (2016): 245-248. [journal link] [penultimate draft]


Death, Posthumous Harm, and Bioethics by James Stacey Taylor (Routledge, 2012), Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 17, no. 1 (2014): 181-182. [journal link] [penultimate draft]


Rationality + Consciousness = Free Will by David Hodgson (Oxford Universtiy Press, 2012), Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews (2012) [NDPR link]